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Reasons and costs of delayed arrival and detention by sea
Source:English website Release time:2021-08-13
    1. Delay due to incorrect document
    For example, when the bill of lading arrives at the consignee or their bank, there are differences in address details, voyage details, cargo details or freight details.
    Or, for example, the trade documents submitted to the destination customs, such as commercial invoices and certificates of origin, are incorrect, and the customs requires that the documents be modified before allowing customs clearance of the goods.
    There may be some delays in correcting the situation through shipping companies or customs.
    By this time, the container may have arrived at the destination port and not been cleaned. Since the receiver cannot obtain the delivery order until this incorrect document problem is classified, the container may begin to incur demurrage / detention, or even port storage.
    2. Delays due to late submission of documents
    There may also be situations where the documents required for goods customs clearance, such as Bill of lading, certificate of origin, packing list, etc., may not reach the receiving party in time. These problems are usually due to
    The shipper did not plan the original document processing process in advance until all documents were collected. For various reasons, the delay of the shipping company when issuing the bill of lading to the shipper... May be due to
    System problems: customs clearance export documents or port documents not received at the shipper, container loading confirmation is not received from the port, and the shipping company has not received the freight paid by the customer. If the letter of credit is involved and the documents do not arrive at the issuing bank (buyer's Bank) in time, The problem of delayed receipt of documents at the designated bank (seller's Bank) usually affects the goods by short distance sea transportation (Oslo to Aarhus) far more than deep-sea transportation.
    3. Delay due to loss of documents
    A very common problem.. in several cases, documents may be lost by express delivery during transportation. Most problems may be when the original bill of lading is lost. The original bill of lading has several steps to take and is lost
    Some of these steps may take several days to complete, especially if there is a bank guarantee. Sometimes, customers may not have 200% or 300% of the value of goods required by the transportation hotline as part of it. In this case, the receiver faces a very difficult period because they cannot be released without documents, and the container may lead to a large amount of demurrage, detention and storage.
    4. Delay due to customs clearance or cargo inspection
    For example, the documents are in order, the container arrives at the destination, and the receiver approaches the customs to clear the goods. In all countries, the receiving party shall submit documents to the customs to provide details of the imported goods. The details of the customs documents need to be provided together with the details of the submitted commercial invoice. One of the key items of customs inspection is HS code to ensure that the goods have been correctly classified and declared. Different HS codes attract different levels of tariffs, and it is the recipient's responsibility to ensure that they correctly state these details. Incorrect announcement of HS code will not only lead to punishment, but also lead to doubt about the recipient's activities. In any case, in most parts of the world, customs are particularly vigilant about the import of retail goods such as clothing, shoes and accessories. Electronic products as part of WTO countermeasures. It is not uncommon for these goods to be withdrawn and inspected by the customs.
    In this case, delays caused by customs inspection are very common, and there is no fixed time frame for how long such inspection may take. Different countries have experienced varying degrees of delays in customs inspection and container inspection, which may lead to demurrage, detention and storage
    5. Delay due to release of goods at destination
    Reasons for detention and detention
    Since the shipping company receives the original bill of lading without proper endorsement on the bill of lading, the release of goods at the destination may also be delayed. This is common.
    For example, suppose a bill is consigned to the "shipper's order" and the shipper does not recognize the original bill of lading, which is only noticed when the original bill is handed over at the destination. This means that the original bill of lading must be returned to the shipper for their approval and return.
    Another common reason for delay in unloading at the destination is that the shipping company does not receive payment from the receiver at the destination.
    This usually stems from a lack of understanding of Incoterms used by the receiving party for shipment, which believes that part or all of the local costs need to be paid by the shipper.
    Here, the container can sit at the port / terminal waiting for customs clearance, while the instrument operates at demurrage, detention and / or port storage
    6. Delay due to receiver unreachable
    However, it is not unimportant that there are some problems, that is, the shipping company may not be able to control the consignee or notifying party mentioned in the bill of lading. In most cases, the goods may have been abandoned by the shipper, the receiver or both, but the shipping company has not been informed or notified of this
    Shipping companies still believe that someone will collect the distribution of goods based on the arrival notice sent to the notifying party. In many such cases, it is not uncommon for a shipping company to assume the responsibility of the freight forwarder for unclaimed, unclaimed and / or abandoned goods, including demurrage, demurrage and / or all expenses. Port storage incurred as a result.

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