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What is logistics?
Source:English website Release time:2021-08-13
    Logistics refers to the whole process of planning, implementation and management of raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products or related information from the origin of goods to the place of consumption of goods through transportation, storage and distribution at low cost in order to meet the needs of customers. Logistics is a system that controls raw materials, finished products, finished products and information. From the beginning of supply, it reaches the physical movement in the hands of consumers through the transfer and ownership of various intermediate links, so as to achieve the clear objectives of the organization. Modern logistics is not only the product of economic globalization, but also an important service industry to promote economic globalization.
    The world's modern logistics industry is growing steadily. Europe, the United States and Japan have become important logistics bases all over the world. China's logistics industry started late. With the rapid development of the national economy, China's logistics industry has maintained a rapid growth rate, the logistics system has been continuously improved, and the operation of the industry has become increasingly mature and standardized. Seven components: transportation, storage, packaging, handling, loading and unloading, circulation, processing, distribution and related logistics information of objects.
    The specific contents include the following aspects: user service, demand forecasting, order processing, distribution, inventory control, transportation, warehouse management, layout and location of factories and warehouses, handling, loading and unloading, procurement, packaging and information.
    1. Transportation is a logistics activity that uses facilities and tools to move goods from one point to another.
    2. Inventory control: logistics operation activities that control, classify and manage inventory quantity and structure.
    3. Packaging is the general name of containers, materials and auxiliary materials adopted according to certain technical aspects to protect products, facilitate storage and transportation and promote sales in the process of circulation. It also refers to the operation activities of applying certain technical methods in the process of using containers, materials and auxiliary materials to achieve the above purpose.
    4. Handling is a logistics operation mainly for horizontal movement of goods in the same place. Handling is an operation for the transportation and storage of products.
    5. Distribution processing is a general term for simple operations such as packaging, segmentation, measurement, sorting, marking, labeling, assembly and so on.
    6. Information management collects and processes planning, forecasting, dynamic information related to logistics and information related to production, market and cost, so that logistics activities can be carried out effectively and smoothly.

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